HADHANAH BAGI ANAK YANG BELUM MUMAYYIZ (Perbandingan Putusan Pengadilan Agama Marabahan Nomor: 0018/Pdt.G/2017/PA.Mrb dan Putusan Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Timur Nomor: 1476/Pdt.G/2017/PA.JT)

Kamarusdiana Kamarusdiana, Najla Nurul Aini, Muhammad Ishar Helmi

Abstract


This study aims to determine the considerations and basis for the decision of the Panel of Judges Number: 0018/Pdt.G/2017/PA.Mrb who hadhanah to his mother and Decision Number: 1476/Pdt.G/2017/PAJT which is the second child who is not yet mumayyiz under his father's upbringing This research is a qualitative research with a statute approach and a case approach which refers to the legal norms contained in the legislation and court decisions by analyzing two decisions relating to the determination of hadanah rights decisions. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the Panel of Judges in deciding a hadhanah case solely prioritized the interests of the child, the Panel of Judges of the Marabahan Court gave hadhanah rights to the mother in accordance with the will of the law and the benefit of the child, as well as the judges of the East Jakarta Religious Court set the child who has not mumayyiz to the father because he is considered capable of taking care of the child based on the benefit of the child..

Keywords: Hadhanah; Religious Court Decisions; Legal Theory in Judge Decisions

 

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pertimbangan dan dasar putusan Majelis Hakim Nomor: 0018/Pdt.G/2017/PA.Mrb yang hadhanah kepada ibunya dan Putusan Nomor: 1476/Pdt.G/2017/PAJT yang mana anak kedua yang belum mumayyiz di bawah asuhan bapaknya  Penelitian ini merupakan  penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach) dan pendekatan kasus (case approach) yang mengacu pada norma hukum yang terdapat dalam peraturan perundang-undangan dan putusan pengadilan dengan menganalisis dua putusan yang berkenaan dengan penetapan putusan hak hadanah. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa Majelis Hakim dalam memutuskan sebuah perkara hadhanah semata-mata mendahulukan kepentingan sang anak, Majelis Hakim Pengadilan Marabahan memberikan hak hadhanah kepada ibu sesuai kehendak peraturan Undang-Undang dan kemaslahatan anak tersebut, begitu pula majelis Hakim Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Timur menetapkan anak yang belum mumayyiz kepada bapak karena dinilai mampu untuk memelihara anak berdasarkan kemaslahatan anak tersebut.

Kata Kunci: Hadhanah Belum mumayyiz; Putusan Pengadilan Agama; Teori Hukum dalam Putusan Hakim


Keywords


Hadhanah; Religious Court Decisions; Legal Theory in Judge Decisions

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32507/mizan.v5i2.1000

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Mizan, p-ISSN: 2598-974X, e-ISSN: 2598-6252